On the morning of 25 April 1915, Australian and New Zealand troops were fighting their way up the heights of Chunuk Bair from the beach at Anzac Cove. Blocking their path was the Turkish 57th Infantry Regiment. The Turkish soldiers were outnumbered and out of ammunition. Lieutenant-Colonel Mustafa Kemal, commander of the 19th Division, gave the following order:
I do not order you to fight, I order you to die. In the time which passes until we die, other troops and commanders can come forward and take our places.
Every man of the Turkish 57th Infantry Regiment was either killed in action or wounded in the campaign.
Kemal’s order is commemorated in a memorial to the 57th Regiment erected by the Turkish Ministry of Culture in 1992.
Gallipoli Campaign – Overview
 Erickson, Edward, Ordered to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, 2000, p.XV quoted http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gallipoli#Land_campaign